Inverting Boolean functions

JavaScript

We can invert Boolean values with an exclamation mark. That doesn’t work for function names we use as shorthand in array methods like Array.prototype.filter() and Array.prototype.map(). Wrap those in a helper function to have them return the opposite of what they would return normally.

const numbers = [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
const isEven = n => n % 2 === 0

// the long and short form of this do the same
numbers.filter(number => isEven(number))  // ⇒ [0, 2, 4]
numbers.filter(isEven)                    // ⇒ [0, 2, 4]

// `!` can flip the Boolean value, but it only works with the long form
numbers.filter(number => !isEven(number))  // ⇒ [1, 3, 5]
numbers.filter(!isEven)                    // TypeError (not a function)

// this (curried) helper makes functions return a flipped result
const not = callback => value => !callback(value)

// we can use `not` like this, in both the long and short form
numbers.filter(number => not(isEven)(number))  // ⇒ [1, 3, 5]
numbers.filter(not(isEven))                    // ⇒ [1, 3, 5]

More fire tips

Read all fire tips →